Mar 26

Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide Garry Adelman is the host for our Myth of Little Round Top series. He has been a Licensed Battlefield Guide since 1995. He is on the south side of Little Round Top. The monument to the 20th Maine Infantry Regiment is in the background. This view was taken facing north at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

A native of the Chicago area, Garry Adelman earned his B.A. in business from Michigan State University and his M.A. in history at Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania. He is the author or co-author of Antietam: Then & Now (2005), The Myth of Little Round Top (2003), The Early Gettysburg Battlefield (2001), Little Round Top: A Detailed Tour Guide (2000), and Devil’s Den: A History and Guide (1997). He has published articles in The Gettysburg Magazine and the Civil War Preservation Trust’s Hallowed Ground and has served as editor for several Civil War image booklets. He conceived and drafted the text for wayside exhibits at the Third Winchester, First Day at Chancellorsville, Cedar Mountain and the Slaughter Pen Farm battlefields. A frequent lecturer at Civil War Round Tables, he has also appeared as a speaker on the History Channel, C-Span, and Pennsylvania Cable Network. He is the vice president of the Center for Civil War Photography and a Licensed Battlefield Guide at Gettysburg. His The Civil War Then & Now: War in the East will be published in 2011. He works full time as a historian at History Associates Incorporated in Rockville, MD and in April 2010 will become the Civil War Preservation Trust’s full time Director of History and Education.

Little Round Top is one of the most well-known historical sites in the United States. This small hill south of Gettysburg has often been called the “key” to the Union position during the battle, and some have stated that if it had fallen to the Confederates on the afternoon of July 2, 1863, the United States would have forever been split in two. Garry Adelman traces the growth of the popularity of the hill and assesses the military situation at the time when Little Round Top might have fallen into Confederate hands. He argues that the significance of Little Round Top has been exaggerated, and even if Confederates had captured Little Round Top, they had only a small chance to hold it.

In our first Myth of Little Round Top post, Garry Adelman introduced us to the series, and showed us the initial placement of soldiers and Confederate assaults on the southwest face of Little Round Top.

In today’s post, Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide Garry Adelman shows the attack on the 20th Maine Infantry, and explains how the Little Round Top legend slowly grew over time.

This map shows us the locations taken of videos for The Myth of Little Round Top series. Video #1 was taken on Houck’s Ridge near Ayres Avenue. Videos #2 and #3 were taken on Warren Avenue, which is mislabeled Crawford Avenue on this Google Map. Video #4 was taken southeast of the monument to the 20th Maine Infantry Regiment. Video #5 was taken south of the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry monument, near Warren Avenue. Video #6 was taken near the monument to the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. This map was created facing north at approximately 7:00 PM on Wednesday, March 24, 2010.

Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide Garry Adelman is standing below and southeast of the monument to the 20th Maine Infantry regiment, part of which may be seen on the large rock formation in the upper left background. This view was taken facing northwest at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

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In Video #4 (Videos #1-#3 were shown in our previous post) Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide Garry Adelman shows the attack of Confederates from Alabama on the 20th Maine Infantry Regiment. This view was taken facing northwest to northeast to north at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

Behind Garry is the large rock upon which part of the 15th Alabama Infantry Regiment pivoted as the unit advanced towards the position of the 20th Maine Infantry Regiment on July 2, 1863. Garry is point to the long rock formation behind which the Alabamians took position. This position was perpendicular to their original line. Once in position behind the rocks, the Alabamians would have been more or less facing the camera. This view was taken facing northeast at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

Licensed Battlefield Guide Garry Adelman has now moved west of his previous position. Warren Avenue is behind the photographer. The monument to the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment is in the background, on the south slope of Little Round Top. This view was taken facing north at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

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In Video #5 Licensed Battlefield Guide Garry Adelman discusses the growth of the legend of Myth of Little Round Top. This view was taken facing north at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

Please click here to view a 10-page PDF from Garry’s book, The Myth of Little Round Top, showing the Historiography of Little Round Top. This chart was created by Garry Adelman in 2000.

Garry Adelman is standing near the monument to the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment on the south slope of Little Round Top. He is pointing to something, possibly Big Round Top, but who really knows? This view was taken facing north at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

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In Video #6 Garry Adelman is more specific in his look at contemporary accounts that discuss the importance of Little Round Top. This view was taken facing north at approximately 2:45 PM on Sunday, March 21, 2010.

Garry’s book, The Myth of Little Round Top, was published by Thomas Publications, Gettsyburg, Pennsylvania, in 2003. For ordering information, please click this link.

Garry’s book, Little Round Top: A Detailed Tour Guide, was published by Thomas Publications, Gettsyburg, Pennsylvania, in 2000. For ordering information, please click this link.

To see other posts by Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guides, click here.


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