Jul 29



3-inch Ordnance Rifle #931 is the highest numbered 3-inch Ordnance Rifle at Gettysburg National Military Park. It was manufactured in 1866. The grooves/rifling inside the barrel are easily visible in this photograph. The Evergreen Cemetery Gatehouse is visible in the left background. This view was taken facing southwest at approximately 3:30 PM on Sunday, July 5, 2009.

Licensed Battlefield Guide George Newton is a native of Baltimore, an Air Force Vietnam War Veteran, a retired insurance executive, and the author of Silent Sentinels: A Reference Guide to the Artillery at Gettysburg.

In part one of our artillery series we featured a Napoleon manufactured by Quimby and Robinson in Memphis, Tennessee, and a 10-pounder Parrott Rifle, manufactured by the West Point Foundry in Cold Spring, New York.

In part two we concentrated on 24-pounder howitzers at Moody’s Battery, A 12-pounder howitzer, manufactured in 1837, and the oldest gun on the field, and some 20-pounder Parrotts.

In part three George showed the only 6-pounder displayed on the battlefield, and showed us how fifteen 6-pounders at Gettysburg National Military Park were converted into “false Napoleons.”

In our fourth post, George Newton showed us the artillery pieces used on headquarters markers, and the two monuments on East Cemetery Hill to Cooper’s Battery B, 1st Pennsylvania.

In today’s post on East Cemetery Hill, George presents the highest numbered 3-inch Ordnance Rifle at Gettysburg National Military Park, and the positions of the artillery pieces today representing Cooper’s Battery and Rickett’s Battery.

For George’s previous posts on Gettysburg Artillery please click here.



This map shows the locations of the videos that we shot on East Cemetery Hill. Videos #1-#13 were presented in our first three artillery posts. Video #14 was filmed on East Cemetery Hill at the headquarters marker for Major-General Oliver O. Howard. Videos #15 and #16 were filmed by the artillery marker for Cooper’s Pennsylvania Battery. Videos #17 and #18 and shot by 3-inch Ordnance Rifle #931. Video #19 was shot just southeast of the Equestrian monument to Winfield Scott Hancock. This map was created facing north at approximately 4:00 PM on Monday, July 6, 2009.



Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide George Newton is standing next to 3-inch Ordnance Rifle #931. The monument to the 4th Ohio Infantry Regiment is in the background, and Evergreen Cemetery is in the background on the other (southwest) side of the Baltimore Pike. This view was taken facing southwest at approximately 3:30 PM on Sunday, July 5, 2009.

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In Video #17 (Videos #1- #16 were shown in our previous artillery posts) Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide George Newton shows us 3-inch Ordnance Rifle #931, the highest numbered 3-inch Ordnance Rifle at Gettysburg National Military Park. This view was taken facing southwest at approximately 3:30 PM on Sunday, July 5, 2009.



The 3-inch Ordnanced Rifle was one of approximately 1000 manufactured during the Civil War by the Phoenix Iron Works in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania. The United States Army used 1400 3-inch Ordnance Rifles during the war. This view was taken facing southeast at approximately 3:30 PM on Sunday, July 5, 2009.

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In Video #18 Licensed Battlefield Guide George Newton shares with us that even though the war was finished in 1865, Phoenix Iron Company kept making these weapons until 1866. This view was taken facing southwest at approximately 3:30 PM on Sunday, July 5, 2009.



Licensed Battlefield Guide George Newton is standing on East Cemetery Hill just southeast of the Hancock Equestrian Monument. The monument to Rickett’s Pennsylvania Battery is in the left background. The 1879 marker for Cooper’s Battery is in the center background. The 1889 monument to Cooper’s Battery is in the right background. This view was taken facing northeast at approximately 3:30 PM on Sunday, July 5, 2009.

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In Video #19 George Newton explains the positions of Rickett’s and Cooper’s batteries according to the War Department’s placement of the artillery pieces. This view was taken facing northeast to northwest to southwest at approximately 3:30 PM on Sunday, July 5, 2009.



George’s Book, Silent Sentinels: A Reference Guide to the Artillery at Gettysburg, was published in 2005 by Savas Beatie LLC, 521 Fifth Avenue, Suite 3400, New York, New York, 10175. The telephone number is (610)-853-9131. The book is 259 pages with 235 pages of text, photographs, and illustrations. It is currently retailing on Amazon.com for $29.95. If it is not retailing from Amazon (or for that price), you may order it directly from the publisher, Savas Beatie. The cover of this book was scanned at approximately 8:30 PM on Friday, November 21, 2008.

To see other posts by Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guides, click here.


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